Can pregnant woman get diabetes
Diabetes can cause problems during pregnancy for women and their developing babies. Poor control of diabetes during pregnancy increases the chances for birth defects and other problems for the pregnancy. It can also cause serious complications for the woman. Proper health care before and during pregnancy can help prevent birth defects and other health problems. Diabetes is a condition in which the body cannot use the sugars and starches carbohydrates it takes in as food to make energy.SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: High Risk Pregnancy: Diabetes
SEE VIDEO BY TOPIC: Diabetes and Pregnancy (Q&A)
Diabetes and Pregnancy
Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 7 percent of all pregnancies, usually in the second half of the pregnancy.
It almost always goes away as soon as your baby is born. However, if gestational diabetes is not treated during your pregnancy, you may experience some complications.
Pregnancy hormones cause the body to be resistant to the action of insulin, a hormone made by your pancreas that helps your body use the fuels supplied by food.
The carbohydrates you eat provide your body with a fuel called glucose, the sugar in the blood that nourishes your brain, heart, tissues and muscles. Glucose is also an important fuel for your developing baby. In gestational diabetes, insulin fails to effectively move glucose into the cells that need it. As a result, glucose accumulates in the blood, causing blood sugar levels to rise. Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test.
Your blood glucose level is measured after you drink a sweet beverage. If your blood sugar is too high, you have gestational diabetes.
Sometimes one test is all that's needed to make a definitive diagnosis. More often, an initial screening test is done, followed by a longer evaluation. Gestational diabetes usually does not occur until later in pregnancy, when the placenta is producing more of the hormones that interfere with the mother's insulin. Screening for gestational diabetes usually takes place between weeks 24 to 28, but women at high risk are likely to be screened in the first trimester.
Continue reading. In addition, gestational diabetes occurs more often in African Americans, Native Americans, Latinas and women with a family history of diabetes. The complications of gestational diabetes can be prevented by keeping your blood sugar under control during your pregnancy. The goal of treatment is to keep your blood sugar in the normal range. Most women with well-controlled blood sugar deliver healthy babies without any complications.
The first step in treating gestational diabetes is to modify your diet to help keep your blood sugar level in the normal range. It's a good idea to meet with a registered dietitian to develop a customized eating plan to help you manage your blood sugar. You can also read up on Dietary Recommendations for Gestational Diabetes.
The only way to know that your gestational diabetes is being properly controlled is to check your blood sugar frequently. You'll be instructed on the use of a home blood sugar monitor. You should check your blood sugar at least four times daily, or as directed by your doctor.
Check your fasting blood sugar first thing in the morning, before having anything to eat or drink. Also check your blood sugar one hour after starting to eat your three main meals: breakfast, lunch and dinner. Check with your doctor for target blood sugar levels. Most women with gestational diabetes are able to control their blood sugar simply by modifying their diet.
You'll need to follow the diet guidelines until your baby is born. After delivery, most women are able to resume their normal eating habits.
Gestational diabetes does not interfere with your ability to breastfeed your baby. For about 30 percent of women who develop gestational diabetes, following a diet is not enough to control their blood sugar, and they need to take insulin. Insulin is safe during pregnancy. If you're taking insulin, you'll still need to continue with the prescribed diet and monitor your blood sugar levels.
After your baby is born, your blood sugar will be checked to make sure it's normal. Fortunately, gestational diabetes almost always goes away after your baby is born. If your blood sugar doesn't return to normal, it may mean that you had diabetes before you became pregnant. The most important thing to remember is to check your blood sugar before getting pregnant again. Women who've had gestational diabetes have a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Women who had diabetes before getting pregnant have a higher risk of pregnancy complications.
Elevated maternal blood sugar during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy, when the major organ systems are developing, increases risks to the fetus. Women with diabetes can help improve their chances of having a healthy baby by normalizing their blood sugar before pregnancy. UCSF Health medical specialists have reviewed this information. It is for educational purposes only and is not intended to replace the advice of your doctor or other health care provider.
We encourage you to discuss any questions or concerns you may have with your provider. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 7 percent of all pregnancies. It usually arises in the second half of pregnancy and goes away as soon as the baby is born. Counting your carbohydrate intake due to gestational diabetes? Use these menus, each of which contains 30 grams of carbohydrates, to simplify your dieting.
During the last half of pregnancy, your body makes more red blood cells which can cause Anemia. Learn more about causes and prevention here. Pregnancy produces many physical changes. Aside from weight and body shape, other alterations in your body chemistry and function take place.
Learn more. Domestic violence is the most common health problem among women during pregnancy. It greatly threatens both the mother's and baby's health. Learn more here. Most women can, and should, engage in moderate exercise during pregnancy. Exercise can help you stay in shape and prepare your body for labor and delivery. Commonly asked questions regarding Prenatal Tests including, types available, positive screenings, diagnostic testing, health insurance coverage, and more.
If you are pregnant, we recommend you be tested for the human immunodeficiency virus HIV even if you do not think you are at risk. Premature labor occurs between the 20th and 37th week of pregnancy, when uterine contractions cause the cervix to open earlier than normal.
The pregnancy may alter how a woman and her partner feel about making love, and differences in sexual need may arise. While pregnant, it is best to eat well, stay healthy and avoid ingesting anything that might be harmful to the mother's or baby's health. Get ready for the baby! Choose from a variety of classes that prepare moms and partners for pregnancy, birth, baby care, breastfeeding and parenting. Get support for all your breastfeeding needs.
Troubleshoot with a lactation consultant, find equipment and supplies, join a support group and more. Access a range of UCSF women's health resources, such as classes, support groups, a lending library and services focused on pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding. Patient Education. Related Conditions. High-Risk Pregnancy. Causes Pregnancy hormones cause the body to be resistant to the action of insulin, a hormone made by your pancreas that helps your body use the fuels supplied by food.
Diagnosis Gestational diabetes is diagnosed with a blood test. Gestational Diabetes and Your Baby Gestational diabetes can affect your developing baby in a couple of ways: High birth weight Exposure to higher sugar levels from the maternal bloodstream can result in a larger baby and a high birth weight. The baby's pancreas produces extra insulin in response to the higher glucose, which results in the baby storing extra fat and growing larger. A larger baby can make delivery more complicated for both mother and baby.
Low blood sugar If your blood sugar has been elevated during the pregnancy, your baby may have low blood sugar, called hypoglycemia, shortly after birth. The extra insulin that your baby produces when your blood sugar is high continues to bring your baby's blood sugar down for a short time after birth. Without the continued supply of sugar from maternal blood, your baby's blood sugar level may fall too low. This is temporary, though, and the nurses and doctors caring for your newborn will monitor your baby carefully and treat any episodes of low blood sugar that may occur.
Avoiding Complications The complications of gestational diabetes can be prevented by keeping your blood sugar under control during your pregnancy. Treatment Diet The first step in treating gestational diabetes is to modify your diet to help keep your blood sugar level in the normal range. The main dietary principles: Avoid high-sugar foods. For the remainder of your pregnancy, avoid desserts, sweets, candy, cookies, soft drinks and fruit juice. You should eat fruit, but because fruit is high in natural sugar, limit it to one small serving at a time.
Eat reasonable portions of high-carbohydrate foods. Carbohydrates are found in breads, cereals, rice, pasta, potatoes, beans, fruits, milk, yogurt and some vegetables. Carbohydrate foods break down into glucose during digestion.
They are important because they contain nutrients that are necessary for both you and your developing baby. It's important to eat carbohydrate foods at each meal, but don't overeat. Eat smaller, more frequent meals. Space out the carbohydrate foods you consume throughout the day. Cutting down on the portion size of carbohydrate foods eaten at one sitting means that you need to eat more often to meet your pregnancy nutrient needs.
Eating three smaller meals and three or four snacks between meals can help you meet your pregnancy diet goals without elevating your blood sugar. Blood Sugar Monitoring The only way to know that your gestational diabetes is being properly controlled is to check your blood sugar frequently.
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Gestational diabetes refers to diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes occurs in about 7 percent of all pregnancies, usually in the second half of the pregnancy. It almost always goes away as soon as your baby is born.
Has your doctor diagnosed you with gestational diabetes GD or GDM , a form of diabetes that appears only during pregnancy? While it might feel overwhelming at first, it turns out that this pregnancy complication is much more common than you might think. Know that with careful monitoring and treatment, it can be managed, and you can have a safe and healthy pregnancy. Insulin is a hormone produced in the pancreas that regulates the body's metabolism of fats and carbs and helps the body turn sugar into energy. Gestational diabetes is when hormones from the placenta block insulin, preventing the body from regulating the increased blood sugar of pregnancy effectively.
Diabetes in Pregnancy
In fact, with the right medical help and diligent self-care, you have about the same excellent chances of having a successful pregnancy and a healthy baby as any other expectant mom. The key to managing type 2 diabetes during pregnancy? Achieving normal blood glucose levels six months before conception and maintaining those levels throughout the nine months following it. Here's what to think about if you're heading into pregnancy with type 2 diabetes. The OB or midwife who supervises your pregnancy should have plenty of experience caring for diabetic moms-to-be, and he or she should work together with the doctor who has been in charge of your diabetes. That means:. Here are a few tips for pregnant women with diabetes:.
Causes of gestational diabetes
Gestational diabetes is diabetes diagnosed for the first time during pregnancy gestation. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how your cells use sugar glucose. Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect your pregnancy and your baby's health. While any pregnancy complication is concerning, there's good news. Expectant mothers can help control gestational diabetes by eating healthy foods, exercising and, if necessary, taking medication.
Diabetes Diabetes and getting pregnant. Having a chronic condition such as diabetes diabetes mellitus takes careful monitoring of your health at the best of times, and this becomes even more crucial during pregnancy, a time when your body changes dramatically. Most women who have pre-existing diabetes who become pregnant have type 1 diabetes once called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes , although some may have type 2 once called non-insulin dependent or maturity-onset diabetes. Another type of diabetes called gestational diabetes is a temporary type of diabetes that occurs in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before and it usually goes away after the baby is born.
Diabetes and getting pregnant
Diabetes is a disease in which your blood glucose, or blood sugar , levels are too high. When you are pregnant , high blood sugar levels are not good for your baby. About seven out of every pregnant women in the United States get gestational diabetes.
If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and are planning a family, you should plan your pregnancy as much as possible. Controlling your blood sugars before conception and throughout pregnancy gives you the best chance of having a trouble-free pregnancy and birth and a healthy baby. Women with diabetes will need to closely monitor their blood sugar levels during their pregnancy. If you develop diabetes during pregnancy, it is called gestational diabetes. If you can, visit your doctor or diabetes educator at least 6 months before you start trying to fall pregnant.
Type 2 Diabetes During Pregnancy
Back to Your pregnancy and baby guide. Most pregnant women with diabetes will go on to have a healthy baby, but there are some possible complications you should be aware of. The information on this page is for women who were diagnosed with type 1 or type 2 diabetes before they got pregnant. It doesn't cover gestational diabetes — high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy and usually goes away after the baby is born. They will advise you about what to do. Find out more about pregnancy and coronavirus. People with diabetes are at risk of developing problems with their eyes diabetic retinopathy and kidneys diabetic nephropathy.
Researchers don't yet understand why some women get gestational diabetes and others don't. But we know that here are some risk factors that make it more likely and we have outlined these below. If you have one or more of these then you are more likely to get gestational diabetes but doctors do not yet know why.
Pregnancy if You Have Diabetes
While pregnant, women who have never had diabetes before but then develop high blood glucose levels may be diagnosed as having gestational diabetes, 1 according to the American Diabetes Association. Gestational diabetes has long-term effects on both mother and child. Having an elevated blood glucose level, or a glucose intolerance, while pregnant raises concerns not only for the mother but also can cause long-term problems for the baby—if it goes untreated. Fortunately, doctors are vigilant about checking for gestational diabetes so that it is identified and effectively managed early.
Gestational Diabetes: What You Should Know
Back to Health A to Z. Gestational diabetes can cause problems for you and your baby during pregnancy and after birth. But the risks can be reduced if the condition is detected early and well managed. They will advise you about what to do.
Gestational Diabetes During Pregnancy